MYP: Educational organization

The MYP curriculum framework

This MYP programme is proposed in

The Common Core

The community project 

The activity personal project 

The MYP curriculum framework comprises eight subject groups

  The community project 
focuses on community and service, encouraging students to explore their right and responsibility to implement service as action in the community. The community project gives students an opportunity to develop awareness of needs in various communities and address those needs through service learning. As a consolidation of learning, the community project engages in a sustained, in-depth inquiry leading to service as action in the community. The community project may be completed individually or by groups of a maximum of three students.

MYPThe activity personal project encourages students to practise and strengthen their approaches to learning (ATL) skills, to consolidate prior and subject-specific learning, and to develop an area of personal interest. The personal project provides an excellent opportunity for students to produce a truly personal and often creative product/outcome and to demonstrate a consolidation of their learning in the MYP. The project offers many opportunities for differentiation of learning and expression according to students’ individual needs. The personal nature of the project is important; the project should revolve around a challenge that motivates and interests the individual student. Each student develops a personal project independently.

 MYPLanguage and literature

Language and literature courses develop skills in six areas: Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing, Viewing and Presenting.

What is the significance of language and literature?

All IB programmes value language as central to the development of critical thinking, which is essential for cultivating intercultural understanding and responsible membership in local, national and global communities.

Language is integral to exploring and sustaining personal development and cultural identity, and provides an intellectual framework that supports the construction of conceptual understanding.

As MYP students interact with a range of texts, they generate insight into moral, social, economic, political, cultural and environmental domains. They continually grow in their abilities to form opinions, make decisions, and reason ethically—all key attributes of an IB learner.

How is language and literature structured ?

Schools are strongly encouraged to offer language and literature courses in multiple languages and to support students’ mother tongues.

MYP language and literature courses are designed to:

  • Engage a student in the study of many aspects of the language and literature of a communities and their cultures,

Offer a study of a wide range of literary and non-literary text types, writing styles and techniques, allowing students to comment on the significance of any possible contexts, audiences, purpose, and the use of linguistic and literary devices

MYPLanguage acquisition.

The study of additional languages in the IB Programme provides students with the opportunity to develop insights into the features, processes and craft of language and the concept of culture, and to realize that there are diverse ways of living, viewing and behaving in the world. Learning to communicate in a variety of ways is fundamental to students’ identity affirmation.
How is language acquisition structured?

In this subject group, teaching and learning is organized into two phases.

When planning the language acquisition curriculum, teachers will need to decide the most suitable phase in which to place individual students or a group of students, as informed by the achievable exit point for the students and the language learning pathways available to the students.

MYP Individuals and societies

“Individuals and societies” incorporates disciplines traditionally studied in the humanities, as well as disciplines in the social sciences.

In this subject group, students collect, describe and analyse data used in studies of societies, test hypotheses, and learn how to interpret complex information, including original source material.

This focus on real-world examples, research and analysis is an essential aspect of the subject group.
What is the significance of individuals and societies?

The subject encourages learners to respect and understand the world around them and equips them with the necessary skills to inquire into historical, contemporary, geographical, political, social, economic, religious, technological and cultural factors that have an impact on individuals, societies and environments.

It encourages learners, both students and teachers, to consider local and global contexts.


MYP sciences framework encourages students to investigate issues through research, observation and experimentation, working independently and collaboratively. This Sciences group gathers Biology, Chemistry and Physics.

As they investigate real examples of science application, students will discover the tensions and dependencies between science and morality, ethics, culture, economics, politics, and the environment.
What is the significance of sciences?

Scientific inquiry fosters critical and creative thinking about research and design, as well as the identification of assumptions and alternative explanations.

Through sciences, students will learn to appreciate and respect the ideas of others, gain good ethical-reasoning skills and further develop their sense of responsibility as members of local and global communities.

MYP Mathematics

In the International Baccalaureate® (IB) Programme, Mathematics promotes both inquiry and application, helping students to develop problem solving techniques that transcend the discipline and that are useful in the world beyond school.

The MYP Mathematics framework encompasses numbers, algebra, geometry and trigonometry, statistics and probability.

Students learn how to represent information, to explore and model situations, and to find solutions to familiar and unfamiliar problems. These are skills that are useful in a wide range of arenas, including social sciences and the arts.

What is the significance of Mathematics?

Mathematics aims to equip all students with the knowledge, understanding and intellectual capabilities to address further courses in Mathematics, as well as to prepare those students who will use Mathematics in their studies, workplaces and everyday life.

Mathematics provides an important foundation for the study of sciences, engineering and technology, as well as a variety of application in other fields.

How is Mathematics structured?

MYP Mathematics can be tailored to the needs of students, seeking to intrigue and motivate them to want to learn its principles. Students see authentic examples of how Mathematics is useful and relevant to their lives and be encouraged to apply it to new situations.

The topics and skills in the framework for Mathematics are organized so that students can work at two levels of challenge:

  • Standard Mathematics, which aims to give all students a sound knowledge of basic mathematical principles while allowing them to develop the skills needed to meet the objectives of MYP mathematics,
  • Extended Mathematics, in which the standard mathematics framework supplemented by additional topics and skills, providing greater breadth and depth.

MYPArts : Film

In the International Baccalaureate® (IB) Programme, students develop through creating, performing and presenting Arts in ways that engage and convey feelings, experiences and ideas.

It is through this practice that students acquire new skills and master those skills developed in prior learning.

Students have opportunities to function as artists, as well as learners of the arts. 

What is the significance of Arts?

Film stimulates young imaginations, challenges perceptions and develop creative and analytical skills.

Involvement in the Arts encourages students to understand it in context and the cultural histories of artworks, supporting the development of an inquiring and empathetic world view. 

MYPPhysical and health education

In the International Baccalaureate® (IB) Programme, physical and health education empowers students to understand and appreciate the value of being physically active and to develop the motivation for making healthy life choices. 

Physical and health education focuses on both learning about and learning through physical activity.

Both dimensions help students to develop approaches to learning (ATL) skills across the curriculum.

Physical and health education courses must engage students in physical education activities for at least half of the total teaching time allocated to the subject group.

What is the significance of physical and health education?

Physical and health education courses foster the development of knowledge, skills and attitudes that will contribute to a student’s balanced and healthy lifestyle. Through opportunities for active learning, courses in this subject group embody and promote the holistic nature of well-being.

Through physical and health education, students can learn to appreciate and respect the ideas of others, and develop effective collaboration and communication skills.

This subject area also offers many opportunities to build positive interpersonal relationships that can help students to develop a sense of social responsibility.
This content might include:

  • Physical and health-related knowledge, such as components of fitness, training methods, training principles, nutrition, lifestyle, biomechanics, exercise physiology, issues in sport and first aid,
  • Aesthetic movement such as gymnastics,
  • Team sport, such as football, rugby, handball, volley-ball;
  • Individual sports, such as golf, athletics;
  • International sports and activities, including athletic traditions and forms of movement beyond students’ personal and cultural experiences.


As part of the Middle Years Programme (MYP), design challenges all students to:

  • apply practical and creative thinking skills to solve design problems
  • explore the role of design in both historical and contemporary contexts
  • consider their responsibilities when making design decisions and taking action. 

MYP design focuses a holistic design process rather than final products and solutions.

What is the significance of design in the MYP?

MYP uses the design cycle as a way to structure

  • inquiry and analysis of design problems
  • development and creation of feasible solutions
  • testing and evaluation of students’ models, prototypes, products or systems.